Can soy sauce cause cancer?

10 03 2016

I tried searching the net and did not find a lot of article talking about this matter, which had articles online in 2001. So wanted to repost the information I found so next time it would be easier to search when someone types in “can soy sauce cause cancer” or “soy sauce cancer”.


“3-MCPD is present in a wide range of foods that includes cereals (biscuits, including malted and toasted products), bread, breakfast cereals, corn snacks, savoury crackers. Dairy creams (aerosols and dessert toppings); low fat cheeses, Parmesan cheeses, processed cheeses and cheese alternatives, meats (chargrilled burgers, cooked meat, salami, smoked bacon, breaded products, cakes and pastries). In light of these findings, there is a call to reduce the levels of chloropropanols as low as technologically possible and the public is advised to maintain a balanced diet in order to avoid excessive intake of 3-MCPD and 1,3-DCP. The European Union has adopted a lower standard that allows 0.02 mg/kg of 3-MCPD in soy sauce, which came into force in 2002.”

Reference:

http://www.philstar.com/opinion/756897/does-your-soy-sauce-cause-cancer?nomobile=1

Article reposted below, highlighting what I find important. Be aware that this article was written to address Filipino concers but it applies to consuming soy sauce.

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“Does your soy sauce cause cancer?

Last week, Miss Pinky Webb of ABS-CBN presented a report that many of the popular soy sauce brands in the market could be cancer causing.Considering how much soy sauce is part of the Filipino diet  the news report should have caused a mega stir but surprisingly it did not.

It could be that folks just took the soy sauce report with a grain of salt after the airing of so many questionable news reports by the broadcast media, which are slanted towards perpetuating the Filipino over-entertained and under informed syndrome. It could also be that Filipinos  besieged by high prices, lawlessness in our communities, terrorist threats, an alarming Metro Manila pollution, rampant infections  simply considered the cancer risk in some soy sauce brands as less likely to kill them.

 

Whatever it is, your Chair Wrecker felt that the matter needed a deeper probe. The ABS-CBN report avoided specifying the soy sauce brands that contain the risk of cancer. Luckily, we have the right friend to call on for this clarification – Dr. Suzette Lazo, the Director of the FDA (Food and Drug Administration).

During our phone discussion, Dr. Suzette narrated how this had already been raised as an issue several years ago and that they had already looked into it and had taken the necessary steps to ensure consumer protection. Dr. Suzette was surprised why this issue was resurrected since the warning did not come from the FDA. Further investigation by your Chair Wrecker pointed to a market player as the source of the scare campaign.

Per Dr. Suzette, the substance in question is called 3-MCPD  a by-product of acid hydrolysis of a vegetable protein called HVP. Dr. Suzette also shared with us a primer, transmitted via email, she had made about this issue, as follows:

Primer on 3-MCPD

1. 3 chloro-1,2-propanediol (3-MCPD) is a by-product of acid hydrolysis process of vegetable protein (HVP) shown by animal studies to be carcinogenic at high doses (greater than 20 ppm) when given at prolonged periods in animals (Sunahara 1993, Cho 2008 – Appendix 1).in October 2000 the Committee on Mutagenicity of Chemicals in Food, Consumer Products and the Environment considered two new toxicity studies and has advised that 3-MCPD need no longer be considered as mutagenic in vivo, but still carcinogenic in animals.

2. Given the demonstrated carcinogenic effect, there has been no such effect actually documented in human subjects. JECFA states: “At any level of intake that can reasonably be expected to be encountered, 3-chloro-1,2-propanediol would not show acute toxic effects…” (page 21 , WHO Food Additives Series 48).

3. Initial levels surveyed in Asian soya sauces (soy sauce, oyster sauce) showed excessively high levels of 3-MCPD (about 300 ppm) but over the years, improvement in production have decreased these levels and previously non-compliant products have met the standards.

4. Around 2001, countries set standards for allowable limits of 3-MCPD based on results of toxicity studies. Health Canada for example used the LOEFL value of 1.1 mg/kg body weight per day demonstrated by long-term toxicity and carcinogenicity effects from the Sunahara study in 1993 and applying an UNCERTAINTY FACTOR of 1000 as follows: 1.1 mg divided by a factor of 1000 = 1.1 ug/kg as the Tolerable Daily Intake (TDI).

5. In 2002, the Bureau of Food and Drug issued Memorandum Circular No. 4 (Appendix 3) adopting 1 ppm as the allowable limits of 3-MCPD contaminant in soy sauce products following the standards used by the US FDA, Health Canada and Thailand.

6. Over the years, further studies have been carried out in Asian populations to ascertain the risk from consumption of 3-MCPD. Studies have been conducted in Asia in Hong Kong and in Thailand that showed that based on actual consumption, subjects in the study were unlikely to experience major toxicological effects from 3- MCPD (Appendix 4).

7. Downstream of the 3-MCPD metabolic pathway is another chloropropanol, 1,3 DCP which has also been shown to be carcinogenic.

8. Later surveys in Europe have ascertained that aside from soy sauce products, 3-MCPD is present in a wide range of foods that includes cereals (biscuits, including malted and toasted products), bread, breakfast cereals, corn snacks, savoury crackers. Dairy creams (aerosols and dessert toppings); low fat cheeses, Parmesan cheeses, processed cheeses and cheese alternatives, meats (chargrilled burgers, cooked meat, salami, smoked bacon, breaded products, cakes and pastries). In light of these findings, there is a call to reduce the levels of chloropropanols as low as technologically possible and the public is advised to maintain a balanced diet in order to avoid excessive intake of 3-MCPD and 1,3-DCP. The European Union has adopted a lower standard that allows 0.02 mg/kg of 3-MCPD in soy sauce, which came into force in 2002. The Codex Alimentarius adopted a higher standard of 0.4 mg/kg, which the FDA will also be adopting next year.

9. FDA has made a general review of all soy sauce products in the Philippines and to date 16 products have been compliant with the 1-ppm maximum allowable limit (DOH-FDA Advisory 2011-015 in Appendix 5). Products that failed to comply were subjected to voluntary recall until they can demonstrate that 3-MCPD levels comply with standards through improvement of the manufacturing process.

10. FDA assures the public that soy sauce products compliant with the 1-ppm maximum allowable standard are safe for consumption. Acute toxicity studies (LD50) as determined by JECFA of 150 mg/kg will require continuous intake of about 8,000 liters for prolonged periods to cause harm; a volume which is impossible far too much (Appendix 6). Estimations also show that even with daily intake of 30 ml based on consumption data of heavy users like the Japanese would show that users of Philippine soy sauce products would consume amounts of 3-MCPD which is several-fold (23 times) lower that the Tolerable Daily Intake of 3-MCPD (Appendix 7).

Prepared by:

Suzette H. Lazo, MD

Director

Food and Drug Administration

Due to space limitations, the mentioned appendices could not be included.

Filipinos should make it a habit to check the FDA content analysis of each of the food and drink brands that they’re consuming. We should do this as if our lives depended on it. In a globalized world, the risks that many food and drink products could be harmful have increased concomitantly.

*      *      *

Chair Wrecker e-mail and website: macesposo@yahoo.com and www.chairwrecker.com

Read the rest of this entry »





Eat what you want, but in moderation

20 03 2012

http://health.yahoo.net/articles/nutrition/photos/25-diet-busting-foods-you-should-never-eat#9

I suppose even if you are sharing, it’s still a lot of calories for one person alone.  Average calories needed is around 2,000/day for an adult. Obviously you need more based on activity level and metabolic rate.

Chili’s Onion String and Crispy Jalapeno Stack

One appetizer: 2,130 calories; 213g fat, 31g saturated; 1,320mg sodium.

 

Lunchables

I brought this to school once. It had more than 800 mg of sodium. Our daily limit is about 2 grams with functioning kidneys in adults. This is a lot of salt for a little kid!





Aspartame Fight!

20 01 2012

http://www.globalhealingcenter.com/natural-health/health-dangers-of-aspartame/?utm_source=scribol&utm_medium=referral&utm_campaign=scribol

I’m so glad this Doctor wrote the same thing about what I found in Aspartame. Here was my previous post on Aspartame.





Asparagus garlic & lemon

5 05 2011

Please excuse me for posting food stories occasionally. I want to be a role model & try to inspire my sister to eat healthier.

I have a whole tray of asparagus I need to use up by myself. It is also so cheap! Only $1.95. Usually I sprinkle some salt & pepper with olive oil & roast them, but I don’t have olive oil! Will leave out the olive oil & use something else & no cheese. Olive oil when heated doesn’t splatter us much as canola, so if you’re using other oils, put a lid on it & put medium heat.

The bottom part is tough to eat, so use a peeler to peel the lower stem away & cut off the bottom.

http://americanfood.about.com/od/vegetarian/r/pr_asparagus.htm

Plated with some steak beef & I ate it with some pickled bamboo shoots in chili oil to give more flavor. The crunchiness of the garlic fried & hint of lemon juice is irresistible.  Bon appetit  🙂

I also can’t believe we have rice cookers that are so cheap & so reliable. It’s ~ $20.00 [edit: it broke after 2nd time using doh!]

http://www.rivalproducts.com/product.aspx?pid=2841





Blueberries

5 05 2011

Life’s antioxidants. I’m so happy to be back in the U.S. 2 boxes of bluberries costed ~$5.00-7.00

This here is only 1/3 of a box washed. This is so much better than snacking on junk.





Craving green veggies

4 05 2011

I’ve been craving vegetables ever since I was in Dominica. The ones that I do get there are usually eaten by bugs & the restaurant owners still use them. Namely Golden Dragon. It’s nice they have veggies but never have I seen good vegetables without holes in them.

This is wheat Mama brand noodles. Tasteless… but healthy?

How it rains in Miami when it rains.





Happy Valentines Day & Beach Bash

17 02 2011

Found this at the convenience shop. There were only 3 baby brownies total in there. this is made by Entenmann‘s products and was surprisingly yummy.

Here are some pictures, hopefully this will be my last Beach Bash here in Dominica.

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CRABS? Pubic lice?

Last words… just have a safe Valentine’s week . no one wants to get this.  It has pincers and claws omg… and look how they hang onto the pubis hair. [picture credits go to their authors track back to their website]  This is Phthrirus pubis.

Is this face real? lol





Green and Black’s Organic and other products

14 01 2011

Both are made in England. Costed by 7EC each, which seems expensive for a piece of chocolate, but I had to try it.

http://www.greenandblacks.com

Actually, they didn’t look quite that appetizing, but the taste was just “eh, ok”. The left one is dark chocolate & the right one is white chocolate which tasted like condensed milk when it melts in your mouth.

Palmolive-Colgate Company

There is an industry here and factory that produces these types of products. Surprisingly, they make different bar soaps that smell really good.  Others that I’ve tried were Fruits & cream soap or some kind of citrus smelling one. They also have a soap bar very close to Zest here as well.

 

You can get really creative with soap bars.

Go Ahead biscuits

biscuits from the UK. Orange & Sultana, Apples & Sultana, and mixed fruit . Sultana is another name for grapes. The inside is like dried jelly caked onto really crispy, thin wafers. I’m surprised the island has this product. They are available at the grocery store behind Hong Kong’s or the courtyard cafe place.  ~$7EC each pack and they are really tasty.

This post ends with the amazing size of the avocados here on the island.

And Where is Ross sending us next?

The two places that we’re most likely heading to is infested.   They are also on the list of the biggest infested areas.





Monosodium Glutamate / MSG – Autism?

6 01 2011

Better known as excitotoxins that messes with the brain, thyroid gland, pancreas glutamate receptors, and others.

Did you know this stuff is in baby food??

This affects pregnant mothers and babies even in the womb, makes Autism worse, affects ADHD, hyperactivity, and crashing.  What does MSG do? It makes you want to eat, could make you obese & even make you stupid. It makes symptoms worse for patients with heart disease, could lead to Diabetes, or even cancer.

Have you had food that makes you super thirsty afterwards and make you really sleepy? What about migraines or headaches? Could be MSG in your food.

MSG is hidden in other names or forms as well:

  • Monosodium glutamate
  • Glutamate
  • Aspartame
  • Autolyzed yeast
  • Broth
  • Caseinate
  • Hydrolyzed proteins or hydrolyzed soy

There is 5 videos total on documentation of the effects of MSG.

Part 1

Part 2a

Part 2b

Part 3

Part 4

 

What are the chances this is a cause for Autism?

Please don’t feed your children so much MSG. There’s MSG in many food products in chips, snacks, canned soups, salad dressings, and more.  Here’s another one that could be related to Autism: Nutri-sweet (Aspartame). So you really think drinking a large Diet Coke will help you go on a diet? Not really …

What about drinking diet coke when you’re pregnant? or using artificial sweeteners?

This crosses the placenta and could cause Phenylketonuria (PKU) in babies. Since you might not know what this term means, it’s not just an autosomal recessive genetic disorder.





just random

22 10 2010

can’t believe I’m trying to get thru my 8 hr lectures today and I can smell the shell of lobster just 15 feet away. wow, I’m such a piggie. ok back to studying Micro & Pharm.